Fauvism

Below are a serious of images from the art movement we have been studying in class; Fauvism . You need to select one image construct a 300 word detailed description outlining the key characteristics of the artwork (be sure to outline why it is apart of Fauvism and some of the stylistic features of the movement). You must use specific artistic terminology in your response while also incorporating the Frames and Conceptual Framework. (be sure to clearly outline in your response the work you have selected).

Henri Matisse, Portrait of Madame Matisse (The green line), 1905

Henri Matisse, Landscape at Collioure, 1905

Andre’ Derain, Charing Cross Bridge, London, 1906

17 Comments

  1. Clare said,

    In “Portrait of Madame Matisse”, Henri Matisse used a variety of techniques to achieve an emotional artwork. This artwork is unique, and challenged normal conventions of the time.

    The techniques used helps create emotion. It lacks femininity, the use of flat areas of colour generalises the face and therefore no beauty is shown. The idea of this would have shocked the viewer of its time as it would not be considered traditional means of art. The face is highly simplified, using a limited amount of colours, however it is still representational and the artist can recognise the subject matter. The use of plain areas of flat colour throughout the artwork makes it hard for the viewer to distinguish the foreground from the background, however the use of vibrant colours, helps to achieve this. There is little tone throughout this artwork and no logical light source. Although this makes it difficult for the viewer to interpret, it captures the attention of the viewer and they become interested and fascinated by the unique artwork. This would especially apply in 1905 when it was created as it was a reaction against the time, however not all comments about this artwork would have been positive.

  2. partridgem01 said,

    Excellent work Clare! You have provided a detailed description of the work using an impressive amount of artistic terminology. Well done, and the first person to post it up, see me tomorrow for a merit.

  3. Madison J said,

    Andre Derain’s ‘Charing Cross Bridge’ would appear at first glance to be flat, superficial, and shallow. This is because of the block sections of colour used in the foreground and background. Subsequently, the green and blue cityscape appears as part of the foreground and the bridge. There is no obvious shadow used however the change in colour and texture, for example underneath the bridge, creates an illusion of shadow. Although there are cartoonish elements in the image, they are over-ridden by the sophistication of the changes in tone and consistency of the dots and lines along the shoreline and in the water underneath the bridge.

  4. Andrew Gangemi said,

    In the piece ‘landscape at collioure’, Henri Matisse has used certain techniques to show emotional values throughout the work.

    The artwork can be seen as a very flat painting with very bold blocks of colour used to create tones in the background and on the structural objects in the painting. There is no obvious shadows in the painting but you can see to the right side of the painting, darker blocks of colour start to appear to give a sense of tone and depth. This can be seen on the right side of the water and around the structures on the right side of the painting.

    From these blocks of colour being built up in certain parts of the painting a feeling of freedom and exploration can be depicted through the background. It reaches far back into the mountains and begins to become more toned rather then blocks of colour which can be seen in the lower region. This can show that the artist feels that you can find more depth and meaning in the world if you go out and explore other places. much like finding more detail in this image if you look closely and explore the certain tonal changes and techniques in the painting.

  5. Courtney W said,

    Andre’ Derain’s Charing cross bridge, London (1906), is a perfect example of fauvism. Within this painting, fauvism is shown in the simplistic scene depicted through bright, bold, solid and unblended colours, little tone and a two-dimensional representation of the structures rather than the realistic three-dimensional forms they would be in their realistic state. Light is captured through the contrasting, solid yellow colour against the deep blue and bright green. The application of paint has captured the afternoon sunset and glare by using short, solid, unblended brushstrokes both to capture the light down the river and to simplify the scene while still capturing the glittering movement of the water. Even though the forms of the boats, bridge and buildings are simplified, the river still contains much detail in the way it reflects the sky and has a glittering effect. The application of paint helps to distinguish these two different aspects of the river. The right side of the river appears to be moving and glittering (reflecting the light at the different angles the water is moving at) because the paint has been applied in short brushstrokes of bold colour set apart from each other, and leaving white spaces, whereas the left side of the river which reflects the sky still has bold, bright colour but the short brushstrokes have been applied close together leaving no gaps, making it look smooth and calm just as the sky is. The water, which is natural and beautiful is juxtaposed with the man made city filled with smog perhaps to convey a message or perhaps to capture the city scene of a typical afternoon, whichever one of these intentions of the artist, they are both relevant to fauvism because fauvist paintings usually convey a message or capture a scene in its real state, which was intended to oppose the capturing of happy scenes painted by impressionists.

  6. Hannah said,

    In the painting “Portrait of Madame Matisse (The green line)”, 1905 Matisse uses several techniques to express emotions. The most obvious technique is a simplistic, straightforward scene; the subject is a one-dimensional portrait of a woman.
    Matisse has depicted the subject in the simplest form; there is no expression on her face or anything eye-catching about her.
    The painting lacks femininity depicting the subject in a masculine style. The subject has no distinctive feminine attributes.
    There is no background or additional subject matter to distract the viewer from the main focus. The background is simply blocks of bright, vivid colour. The work contains little to no tonal quality to the work creating a flat, two-dimensional piece. Form is created through the blocks of dramatic colour and obvious colour transitions.

    There is nothing overly eye-catching about the artwork but at the same time it has quality that won’t allow you to take your eyes off of it. The simplistic form and solid, flat areas of colour capture the viewers attention and make them want to find out why Matisse would paint someone in this way.

  7. Joanna said,

    Artists use artistic conventions to express emotions through the different techniques and materials used within their artworks. Fauvism for example uses bold bright patterns of colours. They used no mixing, shading or tinting techniques only intense use of colours with thick, heavy brush strokes. Fauvism artists would use strong colours straight from paint tubes and apply straight to canvas. The Andre Derain’s ‘Charing Cross Bridge’ it can be seen as flat and two-dimensional. The shadows within the artwork are represented by different colours. Instead of using different shades of colour for shadows, artists would you a different colour to show shadows. As a result of this the artwork appears to look like flat patterned surface made form bright vibrant colours. Therefore through the use of technique and materials artist use conventions to express different emotions.

  8. kim said,

    ‘Charring Cross Bridge, London’ by Andre Derain envelops expressive use of material through his use of vivid, contrasting color symbolic of the Fauvist technique. The colors used bring vitality and life to the scene – the bright yellows symbolic of the reflection of the sun water, juxtaposed against the blotchy, patterned hues of blue, evokes emotions of wonder and interest – entertainment through stark contrasts of color.
    The use of contrasting color to create tone and shade give the subject matter form, while the flat planes of color removes detail, however this is accommodated by the impressionist-like short brushstrokes of the water and the sun’s reflection. The flat blocks of color also provides form to the subject matter especially of the bridge, and the background colored green and blue. Also, the expanse of pink sky, dotted with yellow and orange, creates an atmosphere of a peaceful, warm afternoon.
    This simplistic, broken down representation of the scene, challenged the conventions of the time of by not only incorporating techniques of the both the impressionist and post impressionist styles of bright color, but brought back the stability of recognized forms of subject matter. Combined, they present Derain’s personal ad physical view of his outdoor setting.

  9. Chelsea McDonald said,

    These paintings are a great example of the fauvism movement with each artwork containing vibrant patterns of colour. Henri Matisses, Portrait of Madame Matisse (The green line), does not focus on the actual detail of the work, but the use and application of vibrant colours to create this portrait. Similar application is shown through the other two paintings, ignoring the details and concentrating on the application and pattern.

  10. Bree Borg said,

    henry mattise’s works focus not on the application and techniques rather than the subject matter of the painting. he uses short precise brushstrokes in all of his paintings and does not blend the colours properly so that the audience can blend it themselves. we can tell that matisse has blended the colours on the canvas and this is on eof the famous techniques of the favuist artists.
    all of these paintings are two dimensional instead of being depicted as natural. matisse may have done this because he wanted to focus more on the features of the subject matter rather than making it look realistic.

  11. Lauren Sillato said,

    In the artwork, ‘Portrait of Madam Matisse’ (1905) by Henri Matisse the artist use artistic conventions to express emotions throughout a series of ways.
    The simplified portrait of Madam Matisse fails to display the essential feminist qualities to represent ones self in a portrait. The face is emotionless which may aim to represent the true qualities of the woman. Matisse has used the well known characteristics of the Fauvism movement including vibrant colours and simplified form to express Madam Matisse with emotion he saw fit.
    One may find it difficult to relate to the woman presented in the painting as her face lacks strong human emotions. Therefore Matisse has used vibrant, brilliant colours to attract the eye of the viewer and read further into the artwork.
    By using various techniques, bold, vibrant colours and simplified shapes Matisse has managed to convey emotion throughout this artwork.

  12. olivia said,

    The painting ‘Landscape at Collioure’ by Henri Mattise (1905), epitomises the Fauvism movement. The abstract colours and lack of tonal blending, (fragments of flat colours) are predominant in this work adding emotion and interest to an orginal subject matter. The vibrancy of the colour palette gives this work an aurora of positive emotions engaging the audience to be mesmerised by the playful composition.

    The subject matter is identifiable – depicting a decorative image of a seaside landscape, however it is not the main focus of the work, the bold treatment of colour is what draws the audience’s eye. During the time, art was recognised based on the realistic representation of the subject matter and the skill of blending to represent a realistic tonal scale and this work, (as are most Fauvist works) defys this view of art, using vigorous treatments of bright colour to convey emotion and express views through art.

  13. olivia said,

    The painting ‘Landscape at Collioure’ by Henri Matisse epitomises the fauvism movement. The abstract colours and the flat application of colours (fragmented, pure colours) are predominant in this work, and are highly effective in engaging the audience through the intensity of emotion they convey, through their vibrancy.

    The subject is identifiable – depicting a seaside landscape, however it is not the prime focus of the work. The unorthodox colour application is the main focus of this work and during this works time (1905), art was only recognised through its realism and its realistic tonal scale. Due to this common outlook this artwork would have been outcasted in society for its rebellious composition of bright colours.

  14. Lauren (D) said,

    – The term ‘Fauvism’ originated as an advant garde movement of modernist artists active in France between 1898 and 1908. The term, which was coined by conservative critic Louis Vauxalles caused this group to be known formally as ‘Fauvists’ or, ‘Wild Beasts’, who celebrated a sense of experimentation and creative freedom within their artistic practice while rejecting the dominance of Naturalism and Academism and displaying antagonistic attitudes to such prevalent conventions.
    – The Fauves were heavily influenced by Henri Matisse (1869-1954), one of the central artists (along with Andre’ Derain) contributing to the formulation of the movement. Matisse himself featured at the exhibition at the Salon d’ Automne in 1905 where the term ‘Les Fauve’ originated- his emotionally expressive, intensely dissonant, colorful works evoking widespread ridicule and rejection from public and academic audiences. Nevertheless, Matisse was responsible for many significant artistic developments throughout his career- earning him recognition as a leading figure in modern art.
    – The ‘Portrait of Madame Matisse’, painted just prior to this exhibition, conveys the radical ideologies and techniques the Fauvists wished to convey through artistic mediums. The painting of Amélie Noellie Matisse-Parayre unlike the classical notions of portraiture as practiced by the masters, shows to have a paramount influence from Matisse’s experimentation with color and light theories, resulting in a highly unorthodox use of pure, bold spectrum colors to replace their subtler use to depict light and shade (tone). This is evident in the visage being split down the centre with a vibrant green stripe, the right half painted yellow to create a division between light and dark- showing how Fauvists were unconstrained by the actual appearance/color, instead depicting a self interpretation of their subject matter. Furthermore, this painting features an erratic, expressive application of brushstrokes and bold outlines. The simplification of facial features detracts further from the ‘delicateness’ associated with femininity, the result being the figure is more masculine in its appearance.

  15. Luke S. said,

    Andre’ Derain’s, Charing Cross Bridge, London (1906) is a landscape scene of a bridge, with boats on the shore and a city scape in the background. Derain has shown many fauvist styles in his work including the use of congested colours which are applied with vigorous and random brush strokes.

    the colours display many emotions. one of these emotions is depression. This is shown by the dark blues dappled in the water and also along the bridge; though this contrasts with the bright yellows of the sun; giving a sense of happiness to the work. this gives a subjective angle to the work, letting us see the emotions of the painter and also letting us give our emotions with the many colours entwined in Derain’s painting

    A salience in the work is the yellow of the sun in the water. Being the first thing that is attracts our eyes, it is the brightest part of the painting, drawing our eyes up the work.

  16. Steph L said,

    Henri Matisse’s work, Portrait of Madame Matisse (The Green Line) 1905, portrays the use of various artistic practises to express emotion.
    Through the use of strong bold colours, thick, rough brushstrokes and a simplistic scene Matisse is able to effectively deliver a sense of emotion throughout his work.
    The large blocks of bold, contrasting colours in the background captures attention but also allows you to focus more on the main subject, which instead of being painted in fine detail, Matisse’s use of vivid applications of colour has continued to assemble the figure we see in the painting. It is evident that the artist has used rough, impulsive brush strokes and there is minimal tone and almost no blending of colours. This makes the woman in the artwork appear slightly harsh and masculine looking. There are no feminine aspects evident in the painting apart from the composed facial expression which signifies that she is well kept together even if she does not appear to be at a first glance.
    Finally the simplistic scene of the entire artwork allowing the viewer to focus on the main subject and further comprehend the meaning of the work.
    Emotion is presented through Henri Matisse’s artwork through use of strong bold colours, thick rough brush strokes and a simplistic scene, each of these techniques contribute to portraying the intended emotion to the viewer.

  17. Jess said,

    Henri Matisse painted “Portrait of Madame Matisse” (the green line) in 1905. Matisse has used a number of different techniques to portray the feelings and emotions of his fauvism piece of work.
    He has used vibrant, contrasting colours and applied them in a flat, thick way. The artwork lacks in detail taking away the importance of the actual subject in order for the audience to focus on the overall image as a whole. The woman in the painting is depicted with no emotions, however the use of bold, brilliant colour suggests the mood or thoughts of the woman and the art work.

    Matisse has created a 2 dimensional painting with no tonal features or evidence of any light source making the foreground merge into the background. The background is painted with large spacious areas of pure colour. This technique displays the art work in a very unrealistic and unnatural way.

    The fauvists focused on conveying their inner feelings and thoughts by the use of vibrant colour, colour contrast and simple techniques and styles. Matisse has conveyed these exact stylistic features of fauvism through this portrait of Madame Matisse. He has challenge the mainstream of real art by painting a simple, quick portrait and not taking into any consideration the detail of the real image. Because of this lack of detail the woman has been stripped of her beauty and made to look masculine. This would have been confronting for other artists of the time period.

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