Section 1 (a); 2

5 Marks

(a)   Look at Plates 1 and 2.

Explain how these artworks reflect the ideology of the cultural frame.

Plate 1 (to the left):

Venus of Willendorf,
c. 24,000-22,000 BCE,.

Palaeolithic era
Limestone, 11.5 cm high
Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

Plate 2 (below):

Horse, c.15 000- 10 000 BCE,

Palaeolithic era

Wall painting, length 142 cm,

Lascaux, Feance

29 Comments

  1. Bree Borg said,

    When looking at plate 1 and 2 we can see that the artworks reflect ancient heritage and their culture of the time.
    Plate 1 is the Venus of Willendorf. This was created as a sign of fertility and new life. Some aspects of the body are over emphasised so that it draws the audience in.
    The culture of the palaeolithic era has great ancestral connection. The sculpture shows gender and heritage.
    The next artwork in plate 2 is a horse. It is drawn on a wall of a cave and with natural elements. This is significant because it shows the heritage of the people of the Palaeolithic era. In some sense we can see that it has a spiritual connection to their ancestors because it is drawn with objects around it and the horse was probably connected to them in a spiritual sense.
    Both of these artworks show a sense of ideology of their culture, race, gender and heritage.

    • partridgem01 said,

      Bree here is some feedback

      -Do not use first person in your responses, no ‘we,’ ‘I’ etc.
      -Where you have said ‘Some aspects of the body are over emphasised so that it draws the audience in’ you have not backed up your statement with evidence. Remember it is not worth bringing up a point if you don’t outline the ‘how’ this is achieved. Tell the marker how the audience is drawn in.
      -Try to the link the two artworks more smoothly. You could perhaps say; ‘In much the same manner Plate Two reflects cultural ideals, this is evident…’
      -Overall you have raised some good points about the 2 cultural works.

  2. Bec Stead said,

    In both plates one and two we can see that the ideals and beliefs of a particular culture is exhibited through each artwork. Within plate one, the Venus of Wilendorf, it is evident that it is a sculptural piece of high importance within a particular tribe. It represents fertility and the illustrates the idealistic womanly figure perfect for child bearing.

    • partridgem01 said,

      Bec here is some feedback

      -This is way to short and and does not meet the criteria. It needs further work, please re-write and re-submit!
      -Do not use first person in your responses, no ‘we,’ ‘I’ etc. This is important!!!
      -You have not even mentioned plate 2 and as such your mark would be a 1 or 2 out of 5, which I know that you are more capable of.

  3. Andrew Gangemi said,

    Explain how these artworks reflect the ideology of the cultural frame.

    In art, there are many symbols and meanings that can relate to the cultural frame through values and beliefs embedded within a specific context of society, E.g. race and gender.

    As for plate 1, this can relate directly to values and beliefs of certain ancient races. Ancient races normally represented the female figure with over exaggerated body parts like breast, Hips, and stomach to be represented as a figure of fertility and capability of child bearing.

    Plate 2 can reflect the ideology of the cultural frame through values and beliefs of certain races. The image is of a horse, which can be seen as a means of travel and looked high upon as a noble stead to certain races. The horse could have been used as a means of food for races of the Paleolithic era, which would have created a strong sense of connection with the animals because they are providing them with life.

    • partridgem01 said,

      Andrew here is some feedback

      -I am impressed with the effort you made and can see that you have taken on board some of the hints and pointers I have been suggesting in class.
      -In you first sentence try not to say “cultural frame” as in when you said ‘meanings that can relate to the cultural frame..’ rather you could say ‘meanings that can relate to certain cultural ideals throughout time…’ This is something that applies to all the frames. Even if the question asks ‘how does this artwork reflect the Postmodern Frame?’ you could write something like Plate one reflects postmodern ideals through its….’
      -in you discussion about plate 2 try not to say ‘could’ (The horse could have been used as a means of food) as this weakens your writing. Rather say it ‘is’ and simply back it up with evidence from the image.
      -You need to link your paragraphs where you move to talk about the second work a little better eg. You could perhaps say; ‘In much the same manner Plate Two reflects cultural ideals, this is evident…’

  4. olivia moore said,

    Plates 1 and 2 clearly reflect the ideology of the cultural frame as they both exhibit the cultural beliefs and traditions of the people of their times. Both plates date back to the palaeolithic era and inform art historians of the Paleolithic culture. Plate 1 is a historic sculpture of Venus of Willendorf who was considered the goddess of fertility, it was a symbol of great beauty to the people of its era and this conveys to us how different the ideology of our consumerist culture is to those of the palaeolithic era.

    Plate 2 emphasises the cultural significance of symbols, as it symbolizes the Paleolithic peoples connection to nature and the cultural practice of interpretating ideas through cave drawings.Both works are pivotal in providing the audience with insight to the culture of the time they were produced.

    • partridgem01 said,

      Liv here is some feedback;

      -A fantastic attempt at answering the question. You have mention thorough points and been very articulate in your response, Well done!
      -In you first sentence try not to say “cultural frame” as in when you said ‘clearly reflect the ideology of the cultural frame as they..’ rather you could say ‘clearly reflect the ideology vastly differing cultures as they…’ This is something that applies to all the frames. Even if the question asks ‘how does this artwork reflect the Postmodern Frame?’ you could write something like Plate one reflects postmodern ideals through its….’
      -You also need to link your paragraphs (where you move to talk about the second work) a little better eg. You could perhaps say; ‘In much the same manner as Plate One, Plate Two also reflects cultural ideals, this is evident…

  5. Hannah said,

    These artworks, Venus of Willendorf (c.24,000 – 22,000 BCE) and Horse (c. 15,000 -10,000 BCE) reflect major aspects and ideas related to the cultural frame. These works were created in a time of different values and beliefs, the style of the works, the materials they are made with and the symbols and meanings behind them are representative of this.

    Both works were created in ways that depicted the time they came from. Venus of Willendorf a sculpture and Horse a wall painting. These methods show the viewer that they were created in a time where there were little materials for art. These works were ways of recording information, they show what is now done with pen and paper or technology.

    ‘Venus of Willendorf’ is a sculpture of the female figure. The piece presents the female in a way that was deemed beautiful and natural in a woman at the time. She is represented as a goddess and as something to admire. The figure is voluptuous and curvy; she has a fuller figure, which was desired in the time she was created. This fuller figure suggested that the women could bear children and would be able to start a family, which was very important in that time. The sculpture shows that now, what is considered overweight or ugly was beautiful to the culture she came from.

    ‘Horse’ is a wall painting and as its title suggests depicts a horse. The horse would have had some meaning to the people who created it; this may have been a totem animal or something of spiritual significance. It would have been painted with traditional materials of the time such as paints made from natural resources. The horse is presented by itself; it is the main focus of the image and is made to look powerful and strong, suggesting that it would have held a great significance to the people who lived in that age and this is shown in the way it is depicted.

    Finally, these works display strong meaning and symbolic importance to their creators, they are age old works and although they may not hold much significance for us today, were a major part of the culture they were created by and for.

    • partridgem01 said,

      Great response Hannah however make sure that you take into consideration the marks that are set to this question (5) and as such do not go over board as in your actual exam this may cause you to loose time in the other sections which are worth more.

  6. Joanna said,

    Plate 1, Venus of Willendorf reflects the ideology of the culture frame through its classical representation of the female figure. The female figure is associated to fertility and the stereotypical views of what women were meant to look like in Palaeolithic era. The gender of the figure also shows what the values and beliefs were of the time in which Venus of Willendorf was created.

    Plate 2, Horse on the other hand reflects the ideology of the culture frame through its cultural representation of symbols of nature for the culture of the time. Both Plates 1 and 2 represent the historical symbolism of the time in which they were both created, the Palaeolithic era.

    • partridgem01 said,

      A very nice start Joanna just a few points;
      -In you first sentence try not to say “cultural frame” ..’ rather you could say ‘clearly reflect the ideology vastly differing cultures as they…’ This is something that applies to all the frames. Even if the question asks ‘how does this artwork reflect the Postmodern Frame?’ you could write something like Plate one reflects postmodern ideals through its….’
      -Also try to create link sentences between your two paragraphs so that the response flows a little better.

  7. Clare said,

    ‘Venus of Willendorf’ (24,000-22,000 BCE) and ‘Horse’ (15,000-10,000 BCE), exhibit qualities that reflect cultural ideologies within their work. The creators of these art forms made art it to express attribute to their tribes and, in fact, show beliefs as they could not write.

    Venus of Willendorf, is a fertility doll and was carried around within the tribe to symbolise the ongoing breeding of the tribe and the hope of carrying on their traditions to future generations. Therefore, by creating this sculpture, they are trying to show their identity and ideologies. It was an important element to the tribe and they worshipped it and being, a small sculpture, it could be carried for generations. Although it is small, it is a significant representation of their principles, beliefs and values.

    This idea of expressing values and beliefs is shown through ‘Horse’. Horse was a wall painting and was created to illustrate ideas of the people. Wall paintings were very common during this time. It shows stories and the way things were at the time. It also exhibits their identity and what was important to them. By painting a horse it probably symbolised their source of food and hence the ideology of the tribe.

    These artworks were very important as they expressed important beliefs and values of the people and exhibited what was important to them, culturally.

    • partridgem01 said,

      Excellent work Clare. You have detailed descriptions which clearly address the question. Just watch at times your word choice, like when you said “The creators of these art forms made art it to…” perhaps you could use a better word then ‘made’. I am impressed with the way you have integrated specific words from the culture frame into your answer. Well done.

  8. Chelsea McDonald said,

    Plate 1 and Plate 2, both reflect the ideology of cultural frame due the colours and significance of the works. The Venus of Willendorf sculpture in the first plate represents fertility and new life. The emphasized body parts such as the breasts and stomach are not in proportion with the small height of this sculpture. The horse in the second plate gives a historical significance because of the relationship between nature and animals. The natural, warm colours are evident in both with reflect the ancient historical techniques and works.

    • partridgem01 said,

      Chelsea you have raised some good points which address the question however i feel that you response is a little to short and needs more work. Here are some points to consider;

      -In you first sentence try not to say “cultural frame” ..’ rather you could say ‘clearly reflect the ideology vastly differing cultures due to the…’ This is something that applies to all the frames. Even if the question asks ‘how does this artwork reflect the Postmodern Frame?’ you could write something like Plate one reflects postmodern ideals through its….’
      -I also fee that you have to draw in more of those terms that lie within the cultural frame and extend on these using the set images. Make sure you are really specific with your responses and make reference back the artwork itself.

  9. Kim said,

    In both plates one and two, we see the works reflecting important ideologies in their culture. The Venus of Willendorf is an ancient artefact that it recognized as a small sculpture created to initiate blessing and good luck from the gods in terms of fertility and childbirth. The exaggerated, voluptuous forms of the womanly figure, especially of the hips and breasts, point to the culture holding high significance to the role of the woman as the child, and life, bearer. The huge bulging hips, the round circular breasts and the clear genitals as prime female characteristics contrasted to general gender characteristics such as the arms, legs and face, present the ideologies of the sculpture being a representation of the perfect, fertile woman, the respect of the woman and feminism as well as the worship of gods and goddesses.

    Similarly, the Horse cave painting also is a depiction of an idea that was highly important to the culture. As cave painting was a form of recreation and expression, the horse must have been of some importance to the people. The ideology of the importance of nature, or animals and their role as nourishment to the Paelaeothic people is shown through the delicate use of colour – warm browns, organic lines to draw the body, detail with the head and hooves as well as the size – 142 cm – all signs of attention to detail to realistically represent this animal. This dedication to represent this animal is clear signs of the importance and respect that these animals held in the culture, whether it be as food or as a companion in hunting and farming.

    Because of the clear depiction and attention to detail of subject matter, as well as the methods of carving and cave painting being forms of expression and a way to physically manifest ideas, both the Venus of Willendorf and the Horse are symbols of important ideas of their respective cultures.

    • partridgem01 said,

      Excellent work Kim. You have included some impressive descriptions which clearly address the question. As i stated to Hannah you need make sure that you take into consideration the marks that are set to this question (5) and as such do not go over board as in your actual exam this may cause you to loose time in the other sections which are worth more. Also try no to use first person, as in first sentence when you say ‘we see the works…’. Great linking of the two artworks and I am happy to see you use a collection of words from the cultural frame vocab list!

  10. Lauren Sillato said,

    Explain how these works reflect the ideology of the cultural frame.
    Both works ‘The Venus of Willendorf’ (22 000 BCE) and ‘Horse’ (10 000 BCE) embodies numerous characteristics and reflect certain aspects of ideology of the cultural frame. Made over thousands of years ago both works convey ideas of the culture of that certain era.

    The Venus of Willendorf consists of a very fertile woman, with very extravagant bodily features and no distinguishing features of the woman’s face only a rough pattern. Thus suggests numerous interpretations from the work about how woman were viewed or idolized for their gift of bringing new life to the earth. This therefore conveys various idealistic qualities of the culture of time.

    Plate two ‘Horse’ is a wall painting, painted in the Paleolithic era. The fact the work is painted on the wall immediately allows the audience to interpret its cultural significance. The work conveys various ideals and concepts about the culture of the time. The horse holds some significance to the culture whether it be for food or riding and the artist has chosen to represent the earth coloured animal on the wall as a way of story telling.

    • partridgem01 said,

      Lauren you have made an impressive start and these are just a few points that you could work on;

      -In you first sentence try not to say “cultural frame” ..’ rather you could say ‘clearly reflect the ideology vastly differing cultures as they…’ This is something that applies to all the frames. Even if the question asks ‘how does this artwork reflect the Postmodern Frame?’ you could write something like Plate one reflects postmodern ideals through its….’
      -Also try to create link sentences between your two paragraphs so that the response flows a little better.

  11. Anna said,

    ‘Venus of Willendorf’ reflects traditions and beliefs of past civilisations by its shape and origin. Created over 22,000 to 24,000 years ago, the limestone sculpture holds both religious and gender significance as it is an exaggerated image of a female body, which could be used for ritual and worship. The figure has large body parts, for example waist and breasts, to highlight the role of women, childbirth. The goddess Venus, mentioned in the title, conveys the meaning of love and through this ancient artwork, we can appreciate the value of life and religion to the artist’s society.
    Similar to plate 1 is Horse, it represents the context for which it was painted and the traditions and beliefs of the artist. With dark outlines and a blurred and disproportionate body, the horse painted reflects a style of tribal painting for it was composed over 10,000 years ago and was found on a wall, possibly in a cave. The style of the painting as well as the subject allows us to think of the artist as a hunter that travels by horseback, it helps us peer into the world of the artist by the earth tones and symbols of feathers.
    Both plate 1 and 2 share similarities for they are able to represent ideas, cultures, beliefs, traditions and religion of the composers.

    • partridgem01 said,

      A highly descriptive piece of writing Anna that clearly addresses the question. Well Done! Here are just a few little pointers that you could work on;
      -Try no to use first person eg. when you said ‘we can appreciate the value of life and religion to the artist’s society.’ as this tend to make your writing appear less formal. Rather say the viewer or audience sees…
      -You need to work on your paragraphs, making sure that they are not to long. Where you say ‘Similar to plate…’ should be the start of a new paragraph. But this is a great linking sentence you have used.

  12. Luke S. said,

    Both plate 1 and 2 show characteristics of how a culture may have produced their art and the styles they would have used. One can also see how the beliefs of societies, mainly in plate 1 have influenced the aesthetics of the art and also how the art was made. Religion can also be seen to have an influence on the artworks, reflecting the idols they may have worshipped or even the animals that may have held great importance in the culture’s religious practice and in turn shaping a religious and social meaning within the artworks.

    • partridgem01 said,

      You have mentioned some great points in your response Luke, however i feel that you need to be more specific at times and perhaps make a more direct reference to the actual artworks in the question. This response is a little short and needs more description. I am happy with the way you have integrated terms from the cultural frame but once again you need to apply these more specifically to the actual plates you are discussing.

  13. Courtney :) said,

    The ideology of the culture and identity can be seen through artworks preserved from the Palaeolithic era that reveal many aspects of past cultures by providing an incite into ancient peoples values, religion and traditions. The artworks “Venus of Willendorf”, 24,000-22,000BCE (plate 1) and “horse”, 15,000-10,000BCE (Plate 2), are two primary examples of ancient art that enable a contemporary society to view the life of the past.

    Venus of Willendorf is a statuette believed to be a fertility doll to provide fertility to the tribe, meaning that the people of the time valued fertility very highly. This aspect of the tribe’s culture is evident through the over exaggerated bust and thighs, and also the showing of female genitals, all of which classed as important for fertility. As fertility dolls were believed to have magic powers throughout different cultures in history, the Venus of Willendorf was designed and carved for the same religious aspect. The exclusion of feet, arms and the face are deliberate so as to only focus on the emphasis of fertility (evident through the over exaggerated features).

    In much the same manner “Horse” also shows aspects of culture through the art making practice that has been applied to this artwork. Wall paintings are usually found in sacred sites, therefore providing evidence that perhaps this area had religious significance. The bold outline and use of simple, untoned colours are due to the fact that the paint used was from an organic source such as charcoal and crushed rock. The image itself seems an aspect of great significance to the tribe, perhaps a food source highly relied on, evident through spears and hunting tools (represented with lines and scratches) in the background all of which pointing towards the horse; revealing the ways in which the people of the time would obtain their food.

    • partridgem01 said,

      Hey Courtney I didn’t want to leave you out but i have already spoken to you in class about your response. Good Work just a little shorter.

  14. Lauren said,

    These artworks as depicted in Plate 1 and 2 upon examination can be found to be particularly relevant to the cultural environment of the artist responsible for them. In this instance since the artworks are Paleolithic in origin, one can therefore assume the unique socio-cultural circumstances that the artists were influenced by.

    The Venus of Willendorf is a 11.5 cm high sculpture dated to about 24 000/22 000 BCE. The sculpture itself is a figurative depiction of a human subject, unmistakably female due to the presence of certain anatomatical aspects such as the curvy figure created by the breasts and hips. These features are disproportionately swollen, but to a specific purpose- to convey the importance that primitive society placed on procreation via woman fertility. In the harsh conditions many of the nomadic tribes had to endure, fertility was important to ensure the continuation of and prosperity of the tribe through a strong bloodline, the full figure of the Venus indicative of pregnancy and good health. Due to the size of the sculpture this infers that it was designed as such for ease of carrying on the nomadic wanderings of primitive tribes. It quite possibly could have had spiritual significance to these people as a charm or totem of good fortune and fertility.

    Plate 2 depicts a 142 cm wall painting of a horse, dated to 15000-10000 BCE. Like the Venus, this artwork also conveys notions of cultural significance. The medium, for one that were used to create the work are very earthy in nature and applied roughly without regard to tone or stylistic accuracy. Despite the bold outline of the horse its distinct features are almost distorted, while the very basic artistic technique and material available to the artist as well as the highly weathered appearance of the work are indicative to its great age. Other cultural aspects of the work include the subject matter itself- the horse indicating their reliance on nature for food, clothing, transportation and conveying the beginnings of mankind’s domestication of flora and fauna.

    • partridgem01 said,

      Lauren you have provided some extremely impressive points in an articulate manner clearly addressing the questions criteria. You have integrated terminology from the cultural frame effectively and composed a well thought response. Excellent work!
      My only suggestions to you are to;
      -Make sure that you take into consideration the marks that are set to this question (5) and as such do not go over board as in your actual exam this may cause you to loose time in the other sections which are worth more.
      -Also try to create a linking sentence between the the two paragraphs (this is where you move to talk about the second work) eg. You could perhaps say; ‘In much the same manner as Plate One, Plate Two also reflects cultural ideals, this is evident…

  15. partridgem01 said,

    Lauren you have provided some extremely impressive points in an articulate manner clearly addressing the questions criteria. You have integrated terminology from the cultural frame effectively and composed a well thought response. Excellent work!
    My only suggestions to you are to;
    -Make sure that you take into consideration the marks that are set to this question (5) and as such do not go over board as in your actual exam this may cause you to loose time in the other sections which are worth more.
    -Also try to create a linking sentence between the the two paragraphs (this is where you move to talk about the second work) eg. You could perhaps say; ‘In much the same manner as Plate One, Plate Two also reflects cultural ideals, this is evident…

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